Richelieu: Großmachtpolitik und Tod des Kardinals (Richelieu, #3) Carl J. Burckhardt

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651 pages


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Richelieu: Großmachtpolitik und Tod des Kardinals (Richelieu, #3)  by  Carl J. Burckhardt

Richelieu: Großmachtpolitik und Tod des Kardinals (Richelieu, #3) by Carl J. Burckhardt
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The defeat of Richelieus allies at the battle of Nordlingen in 1634 produced an intensely critical situation for France, forcing her to resort once more to arms: all that had been gained hitherto by diplomacy was now in jeopardy. This third volumeMoreThe defeat of Richelieus allies at the battle of Nordlingen in 1634 produced an intensely critical situation for France, forcing her to resort once more to arms: all that had been gained hitherto by diplomacy was now in jeopardy.

This third volume of Carl Burckhardts important biography of Richelieu begins with the problem of Lorraine, from which the Cardinal feared invasion, proceeding then to an account of the military preparations initiated, and to the beginning of hostilities. Spain, whose powerful position had given her a stranglehold on France, is then studied in full, for Richelieus principal aim was to remove this danger - an aim which he followed with imperturable tenacity.

At this time Spain had a really outstanding minister in the Count-Duke of Olivares- and in the Cardinal-Infante there was a military leader whom France could not match until she acquired Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar as commander on the Rhine front. For Bernard was able to halt the advance of the Emperors troops, and when he took the initiative the tables were turned. He proved a difficult partner, however.

The events of the war, the riots and other developments in Spain and Portugal, confirmed Richelieu in his views on the need for a powerful and unified state in France- but his plans had met with continuous opposition from political rivals within the country. His most dangerous enemies were in the inmost court circles, and their hopes of defeating the Cardinal were pinned on Gaston of Orleans, the Kings brother, and even on the Queen herself.

Matters reached a climax with the Cinq-Mars conspiracy, which brought Richelieu to the edge of defeat. The volume ends with a description of the Cardinals death, and a preview of developments under his successor Mazarin. In the Peace of Westphalia his politics were to find their fulfilment.



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